The condition is more common among men and usually begins in early adulthood. Symptoms typically appear in early adulthood and include reduced flexibility in the spine. This reduced flexibility eventually results in a hunched-forward posture.
Pain in the back and joints is also common.
Convention treatment for ankylosing spondylitis depends almost solely on anti-inflammatory drugs, opioid painkillers, and corticosteroid injections. However, these medications have serious side effects; since there is no cure for ankylosing spondylitis, the long-term use of these medications increases the risk of other health complications. Similarly, conventional physiotherapy for ankylosing spondylitis may offer some benefits but again,
this may be limited as most physiotherapists do not isolate the affected muscles but instead focus on muscle groups.